Yellow spots. Browning leaves.
If your lights and temperature levels are good, you could have potassium deficiency going on within your marijuana plants.
This could be bad news if it's not fixed soon.
Lack of potassium can also be confused with other deficiencies like magnesium, or zinc (at the early stage ).
There is plenty of information here to help you make sure you know that you're dealing with a potassium issue.
Let's jump right in,
Signs of Potassium Deficiency
- Stunted Growth
- Moves from bottom of plant to top (Mobile nutrient)
- Yellow or white spots on leaves
- Yellow, Browning or blackening of leaf tips
- Stems become weak and brittle
- Space between branches may increase
- May look like nutrient burn
- Also, resembles heat stress
- Yellow leaves (older) bottom
- Leaves curl under
Click on Image to Enlarge
Lets quickly take a look at what potassium is and why it's important to marijuana.
Potassium is an essential nutrient of marijuana and all living plants.
Without it, the plant will die.
It is a mobile nutrient and aids with photosynthesis and the movement of water and amino acids and creates ATP in the plant. According to the University of Minnesota.
Potassium also helps in the regulation of water to oxygen which converts to carbon dioxide within cannabis.
It's important because when marijuana plants do not get enough water, potassium helps when in the drought stage.
It’s also good for plant immunity levels against disease and insects.
Potassium is letter K in the symbols that make up part of N-P-K that is on organic fertilizer bottles.
You will notice different levels of potassium for various stages of growth on many nutrients on the market.
N stands for Nitrogen
P stands for Phosphorus
K stands for Potassium
During the vegetative stage, you will require less potassium and phosphorus, and need more nitrogen.
Nitrogen aids in early plant growth along with potassium to help with root growth.
Potassium deficiency can occur during the vegetative stage but be sure to remember it could be other deficiencies as well.
For the flowering stage, you will need to increase the Potassium and Phosphorus levels.
Most blooming fertilizers out there do this automatically and just need to switch to the flowering stage in your nutrient schedule.
Potassium is beneficial for the flowering stage, which is essential for terpene production.
If not enough is provided during flowering your buds, it will lack flavor and smell!
You will most likely face more potassium deficient issues during the flowering stage.
Causes of Potassium Deficiency
The causes of potassium deficiency can be some factors, such as the buildup of salts in your growing medium (soil or coco coir).
If using hydroponic tubs or bins, this is far less likely to occur but is known to happen on occasion.
Make sure you have a good pump.
You can also run into Potassium Lockout.
Potassium Lockout happens when the PH is below a certain level causing the medium to become acidic for the roots which stop's the uptake of potassium by your plants.
Here are some PH values to watch for if they are below these values:
When growing in soil: PH levels of 4.0-5.5
Hydro and Soil Less Mediums: PH levels of 4.0-4.5
How to Fix Potassium Deficiency
The best ways to fix potassium deficiency with marijuana is:
Use organic nutrients with properly balanced levels of N-P-K for veg or flower cycles.
Correct the PH level in water/ nutrients.
The optimal ranges should be in the following markers:
Soil, 6.0 - 6.5 pH range. Hydro or coco coir, 5.5 - 5.9 pH range
Use a PK booster
Incorporate a K booster
Add Wood Ash to the grow medium
Kelp meal is also an alternative you can add to the top of soil or coco. A little goes a long way. It's slowly absorbed during feeding schedules.
PK Boosters for Marijuana:
Here are some of the popular PK boosters for your marijuana plants.
Botanicare Hydroplex Bloom contains the right amount of phosphorus and potassium. To help your plants out.With essential amino acids. Hydroplex provides the right balance to enhance flower development and give denseness to your buds. 0-10-6 combination.
Canna PK 13/14 well you guessed this is one of the highest PK boosters on the market the name says it all. Used by many growers.Stimulate blooming and also enhances bud structure.
Advanced Nutrients Hammerhead is recommended as a PK booster, but it’s a little low on the phosphorus. Comes in at 2-4-10. It will do the job to add a lot of much need potassium to your marijuana plants.
Humboldt Nutrients Ginormous is an ultimate pk booster with zero nitrogen and all phosphorus and potassium you need. A bloom booster that is biodegradable and may boost your grow to the next level. The values are 0-18-16.
K Boosters for Marijuana:
Here are some of the popular K boosters for your marijuana plants.
Humboldt Deuce Deuce is very high in potassium, and sure to fix all your problems with all natural ingredients and comes in at a whopping 0-0-22. It also helps with growing massive but in flowering as well.
Earth Juice Meta K from Hydro Organics is perfect for boosting your potassium levels with your plants just add it to your regular nutrient feeding schedule.
After trying some of the solutions, you should be able to recover within a week.
However, the damaged leaves on your marijuana plants will not recover.
It is best to remove them when you start to see the deficiency start to take hold of the plant.
Signs of Excessive Potassium
- New leaves show yellowing chlorosis.
- Leaf tip show some sign of burning.
- Lower leaves curl gets spots.
- Blocks the absorption of other nutrients such as calcium, magnesium, zinc, and iron.
- Grow medium becomes acidic lower than PH 5
How to correct excess potassium
The best ways to fix excessive amounts of potassium in your cannabis plants is to try the following to repair the damage.
Flush your plants with water for a couple of feeding to try and clean the root structure.
Try and use some balanced nutrients.
Dial down your nutrient amounts as the guidelines from the companies are just that. Guidelines.
Some plants may need more nutes than others.
If you do come across potassium deficiency with your marijuana it's easy to recover from when working with the right nutrients.
Sometimes you just have to flush the plant to get it to recover, then find the right balance of nutrients.
Add a PK or K booster if required.
Have you dealt with potassium issues and what worked for you?
Let me know in the comments !
Grow on my friends.